Reporting of a health insurance contribution to the Incomes Register

The health insurance contribution consists of the employee's health insurance contribution and the employer's health insurance contribution.

Employer's health insurance contribution

The employer's health insurance contribution is determined based on the wages subject to health insurance contributions paid to income earners. The employer reports the total amount of the employer's health insurance contribution and the deductions made from it to the Incomes Register once a month using the employer's separate reportRead more about the employer's separate report.

Self-employed persons: The employer's health insurance contribution is paid based on the actual wages paid to the self-employed person. The health insurance contribution is reported to the Incomes Register in the employer's separate report. The obligation for the health insurance contribution may not be cancelled on the earnings payment report with Exception to insurance information.

However, employer's health insurance contribution is not paid from the wages paid to a self-employed person if the self-employed person is not obligated to take out a YEL or MYEL insurance under the self-employed persons' pensions act (yrittäjän eläkelaki 1272/2006) or the farmers' pensions act (maatalousyrittäjän eläkelaki 1280/2006) due to low income or the self-employed person's age, for example.

Households: If a household pays an income earner EUR 1,500 or less over a calendar year, it does not have to pay the employer’s health insurance contribution or submit the employer’s separate report. 

Wages exempted from the employer's health insurance contribution

The employer's health insurance contribution need not be paid if the income earner

  • is not covered by Finnish social security
  • is aged under 16 or over 67
  • is a self-employed person who is not under obligation to take out YEL or MYEL insurance

In these situations, Type of exception to insurance is reported to the Incomes Register. The information is reported in the Incomes Register's e-service under Show detailed insurance data.

The employer is not obligated to provide insurance 

The employer's health insurance contribution is paid for wages paid to employees 16–67 years of age. If the income earner is younger or older than this or a self-employed person who is not under obligation to take out YEL or MYEL insurance, Type of exception to insurance: No obligation to provide insurance (health insurance) is reported to the Incomes Register.

The income earner is not subject to Finnish social security

If the income earner is not subject to Finnish social security, no health insurance contribution is collected from the income paid to them and no employer's health insurance contribution is paid. For instance, an income earner working in Finland is not subject to Finnish social security if the legislation of some other country applies to the income earner as based on the EU's social security regulation and they have an A1 certificate. In that case, the following Type of exception to insurance is reported to the Incomes Register: Not subject to Finnish social security (health insurance).

Read more about exceptions to insurance and international situations

Employee's health insurance contribution

The employee's health insurance contribution is included in the withheld tax. Thus the employer does not collect the health insurance contribution from the employee's wages or report it to the Incomes Register.

However, the employer must collect the health insurance contribution if the wage income received by a non-resident taxpayer is subject to tax at source and the employee is insured in Finland. In such situations, the employer must report the health insurance contribution it has collected to the incomes register under income type Employee’s health insurance contribution (412)Read more about international situations.

Self-employed persons: The MYEL and YEL income from work confirmed by the insurance company is used as the basis of the self-employed person’s health insurance contribution.