How to file deductions in MyTax

You can file travel expenses, a credit for household expenses, expenses for the production of income, a deduction for second home for work or a credit due to maintenance obligation for your tax card or, in advance, for your pre-completed tax return in MyTax.

  • If you file a deduction for your tax card, you will benefit from it immediately.
  • If you file a deduction but do not want your tax card to be changed, the deduction will be pre-populated on your next tax card request and pre-completed tax return.

Another alternative is that you do not file the information for your pre-completed tax return until after you have received the tax return for checking.

Go to MyTax and log in (opens in a new window)

1. First select the appropriate instructions

  1. After you have logged in to MyTax, select the Tax cards and prepayments link under Tax card and prepayments 2021 on the home page.

  2. Click Request a new tax card.

  3. Click Select the complete tax card request.

    If you are reporting only travel expenses, you can also select a short request.

  4. Go through the stages of the request and enter new or changed details.

    Note that when you report a deduction for your tax card, you will also have to change your income details. You can adopt Incomes Register information in the Pre-completed income and deductions stage, for example.

  1. Select Tax returns and tax information under Tax card on the home page.

  2. Select 2021.

    Under Deductions, click on the link of the deduction you want to file.

2. Select instructions on the deduction you want to file

  • If you have filed travel expenses previously for your tax card or prepayments, you can see them in the Pre-completed income and deductions stage. Correct details, if necessary, in this stage.

    Otherwise move on to Other deductions. First select Yes under Travel expenses, and then click Add new travel expense.

    Select Commute as the type of travel, and select the means of transport.

    1. If you are filing travel expenses by public transport, enter the following:
      • address details
      • daily travel distance
      • period of travel
      • amount of travel expenses.
    2. If you are filing travel expenses for trips using your own car or a company car, also enter the following:
      • grounds for using private transport
      • vehicle from drop-down list
      • number of travel days.

    Finally, click OK.

    If you have received employer-subsidised commuter tickets or bicycle benefit, select Yes and enter the value of the benefit.

  • If you have filed travel expenses previously for your tax card or prepayments, you can see them in the Pre-completed income and deductions stage. Correct details, if necessary, in this stage.

    Otherwise move on to Other deductions. First select Yes under Travel expenses, and then click Add new travel expense.

    Select Other than commute. Then select Temporary business trips and travel in special sectors.

    Select vehicle type. If you are filing travel expenses for trips using your own car, for example, enter the following details:

    • state if you have worked at the location for more than 3 years
    • vehicle from drop-down list
    • state if your employer has given you tax-exempt compensation for travel expenses and enter the amount
    • state whether or not you make the same trip regularly
    • address details
    • daily travel distance
    • period of travel
    • number of travel days
    • amount of travel expenses.
  • If you have filed tax credit for household expenses previously for your tax card or prepayments, you can see them in the Pre-completed income and deductions stage. Correct details, if necessary, in this stage.

    Otherwise move on to Other deductions. First select Yes under Tax credit for household expenses, and then click Add a new expense.

    Next, select whether you have bought the work from a company or have hired an employee.

    If the work was done abroad, attach a certificate of tax compliance for foreign businesses (Form 14C) to the return.

    • The type of work is the work for which you claim the credit. See the types of work that entitle you to the credit.
    • State where the work was done and enter a more detailed description of the work (such as weekly cleaning, child care, kitchen renovation).
    • The contract date is the date when you made a contract on the work with the company. If no written contract was made, enter the date when you ordered the work.
    1. The work was done by a company:
      • The first date of payment is the date when you first paid trade income to the company during the year. If you have paid trade income multiple times to the same company, also enter the last payment date of the year.
      • You can get credit for the part of the expenses charged for the work itself, but not for any other costs, such as materials or travel expenses. Because of this, the company that did the work must also include in the invoice a specification of the expenses that do not count towards the tax credit for household expenses. If the work-related share is not specified in the invoice, ask the company that did the work for more information.
      • Enter the sum total of the invoice you paid in Total amount paid, including VAT. Enter the amount charged for the work itself in Work’s share of the amount paid, including VAT. Do not subtract the credit threshold. The Tax Administration calculates the credit and subtracts the threshold amount from it on your behalf.
    2. You hired an employee:
      • The first date of payment is the date when you paid wages to the employee for the first time during the year. If you have paid wages to the same employee in multiple instalments, also enter the last payment date of the year.
      • Enter the gross wages you have paid, including fringe benefits, in Total wages paid. Do not add travel expenses or other expense allowances to the amount, because they are not counted towards the credit for household expenses.
      • Also enter the total amount of indirect wage expenses:
        • employer's health insurance contribution
        • employer's share of mandatory pension insurance contribution
        • employer's share of unemployment insurance contribution
        • accident insurance contribution
        • group life insurance contribution.

    Do not include the employee’s pension insurance contribution and unemployment insurance contribution because they do not entitle you to a credit.

    Do not subtract the credit threshold. The Tax Administration calculates the credit and subtracts the threshold amount from it on your behalf.

    If you file the information on paper, use Form 14B (Tax credit for wages paid to a household employee).

    If you have divided the expenses with someone else, such as your spouse, report your share of the amount that you entered in the section Work’s share of the amount paid, including VAT. 

    Example: You and your spouse have ordered renovation work for your kitchen. You want to divide the tax credit for household expenses between yourselves. The sum total of the invoice is €12,000. The amount charged for work is €4,500. Both of you submit the following amounts on your tax returns:
    - Total amount paid, including VAT €12,000
    - Work’s share of the amount paid, including VAT €4,500 
    - Your share of the work expenses €2,250.

    Finally, assure that you have not received any of the financial aids mentioned. When everything is correct, click OK.

    If you are filing on paper, remember to include your signature on the form.

  • If you have filed expenses for the production of income previously for your tax card or prepayments, you can see them in the Pre-completed income and deductions stage. Correct details, if necessary, in this stage.

    Otherwise move on to Other deductions. First select Yes under Expenses for the production of income, and then click Open specification.

    1. Enter the following as expenses for the production of wage income:
      • training expenses (such as course fees and costs for course materials)
      • work tools (such as material costs and expenses for the use of your own tools)
      • increased living expenses due to business trips
      • other expenses (such as professional literature, work-related telephone costs and costs for face masks if you need to wear a mask at work and they are not provided by the employer).

        If you have used your own workspace for acquiring wage income, select Yes and choose the option that best describes your circumstances.
    2. Enter the following as expenses for the production of other income than wage income:
      • expenses for the production of other employment income, such as trade income
      • expenses for the production of income relating to benefits and other earned income.

    After you have entered all the details, click OK.

    Please note that only the expenses for the production of wage income are automatically included in your pre-completed tax return. You will have to report the expenses for the production of other income again when you receive the pre-completed tax return.

  1. If you have filed a deduction for second home for work previously for your tax card or prepayments, you can see it in the Pre-completed income and deductions stage. Correct details, if necessary, in this stage.

    Otherwise move on to Other deductions. First select Yes under Deduction for second home for work, and then click Add new second home for work.

    Enter details on the second home and your place of work.

    • If you have rented the second home because of another primary place of work, select Yes.
    • Check that the address of your permanent home has been entered correctly.
    • Enter the distance between your place of work and your permanent home in full kilometres.
    • Enter the distance between your second home for work and your permanent home in full kilometres.
    • Select whether you live in your permanent home alone or together with your spouse and/or underage children.
    • Fill in how the second home is used and how much rent you pay. Enter the time period as full months and specify the monthly rent you have paid.
    • Finally, assure that you have not been paid any tax-exempt allowance or benefit for your second home for work based on living in a locality other than where your home is located (e.g. tax-exempt housing allowance).

    After you have entered all the details, click OK.

  • If you have filed a credit due to maintenance obligation previously for your tax card or prepayments, you can see it in the Pre-completed income and deductions stage. Correct details, if necessary, in this stage.

    Otherwise move on to Other deductions. Select Yes at Credit due to maintenance obligation.

    If the Tax Administration records show a child or children for whom you make maintenance payments, you will see the information on the page. Enter the amount of maintenance payments during the entire year.

    If a child’s details are missing from the Tax Administration records, click Add new child. Enter:

    • the child’s personal ID (If the child does not have a Finnish personal ID, enter the date of birth.)
    • the child’s name.

    If your maintenance obligation for the child has ended, select Yes and enter the end date.

    Enter the amount of maintenance payments during the entire year.

    If you are claiming the credit for the first time, attach a copy of the agreement or court decision confirming your maintenance obligation.

3. Preview and send

  • After you have filed all your deduction details, go to Delivery method. 

    • Enter the date from which your new tax card is valid.
    • Select whether you want your tax card to be delivered
      • only electronically to MyTax
      • to MyTax and by post to your home
      • to MyTax and by post directly to the payor.

        If you select the last option, you must then enter the payor’s address and other details.

    Go to Preview and send.

    • Check that the details are correct. Click Edit or Previous to make corrections.
    • If you wish to continue filling in the details later, select Save as unfinished. The data entered in the unfinished request will be saved for 1 month. The Tax Administration will not process the data before you have submitted it.
    • Once all the details are correct, click Submit. After this, you will receive an acknowledgement of receipt.

    The new tax card will be delivered to the recipient of your choice. A copy of your tax card is always available in MyTax

  • After you have entered all the required details, move on to Preview and send.

    • Check that the details are correct. Click Edit or Previous to make corrections.
    • Once all the details are correct, click Submit. You will then receive an acknowledgement of receipt.

    The credit or deduction will be pre-populated on your pre-completed tax return.