Transfer tax when corporate stock is sold and purchased
When you buy corporate stock, you must file a transfer tax return and pay the tax (i.e. you buy shares of an entity that operates a business, i.e. not of a housing-company or real estate company). Examples of corporate stock include shares of a business enterprise or a telephone company. As the buyer, you are required to calculate and pay the transfer tax on your initiative.
However, if the shares you bought are listed on the stock exchange and you bought them on the exchange, you generally do not have to pay transfer tax or file the tax return.
File the tax return
File the transfer tax return in 2 months from signing the contract.
- If you buy together with a co-buyer – typically your spouse – both of you must submit a transfer tax return.
- To complete the return, you should have the purchase and sale agreement or other contract on hand. In addition, other documents may have had an important role in your transaction. They may have a bearing on the way the transfer tax is assessed.
- However, you generally do not have to add very many enclosures. In MyTax, a window will appear that tells you whether an additional enclosure must be attached or whether it is enough if you just complete the tax return.
The paper-printed form can be used by individual taxpayers, general partnerships and limited partnerships. If the paper form is filed, you must enclose a photocopy of the contract.
Pay the tax
File the transfer tax return and pay the tax in 2 months from signing the contract.
- If you use MyTax to send the payment, reference numbers and other bank details are automatically transferred to the template for processing by your e-banking service. MyTax calculates the amount of transfer tax.
- If you pay via your personal e-bank instead, you need the bank account number for the Tax Administration and the bank reference number for transfer tax. To get the bank account and reference numbers, you can:
- Look them up in MyTax: Checking the bank account and the transfer tax reference number
- Call the service telephone number +35829 497 026 (Payment transactions, limited service available in English, standard call rates)
When you fill in the amount, include two decimal points. If there is more than one buyer – two spouses, for example – each must pay their own share of the transfer tax on a separate bank transfer and enter their personal reference numbers. The amount will be displayed as a paid tax in MyTax on the following business day or the day after that.
You receive a certificate of transfer tax
You will receive a certificate on filed and paid transfer tax in MyTax or by post. Normally, after you have filed and paid, the certificate will appear in MyTax in 2 days. Finding the certificate in MyTax.
If you file your return on paper, wait for the certificate of transfer tax to become available in MyTax a little later.
The amount of transfer tax on corporate shares
The tax is 1.6% on the price paid, or on the value of other consideration or compensation.
You can use the transfer tax calculator to help with your calculations.
If the buyer is a non-resident taxpayer
If the buyer of the corporate stock is a non-resident taxpayer (an individual from a foreign country, for example) and you are obliged to collect tax on the sale in question, you must file a transfer tax return on the tax you collected from the buyer, and then pay the amount on to the Tax Administration.
Examples of circumstances where you may be obliged to collect tax include a situation where you, a Finnish resident, sell shares of a Finnish business company (corporate stock) to a buyer who is a nonresident. In case there are several sellers, your obligation is simply to submit a transfer tax return and pay transfer tax only for the part that you yourself had collected. In the same way, you must only report your portion of the price and other compensation. In addition, you and your buyer can agree that the buyer, a non-resident taxpayer, will account for transfer tax himself: More information is available in “Transfer taxation relating to sales and transfers of corporate stock and other securities” (in Finnish and Swedish, section 7.2 and other sections).
If both the buyer and the seller are non-resident taxpayers, trading in corporate stock is not subject to transfer tax and there is no need to file a transfer tax return.
Note that if the transaction concerns other than corporate stock, such as shares in a housing company or real estate company, the buyer must register as a taxpayer with the Tax Administration and file and pay transfer tax. This rule also concerns buyers that are tax non-residents in Finland.